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The hartebeest is not a very picky eater. It has suffered from the expansion of cattle raising, as hartebeests and cattle compete for the same food. Their distinctive features are particularly elongated forehead and oddly shaped horns, long legs (often with black markings), short neck, and pointed ears. Find and book hotels and accommodation in South Africa. The Hartebeest is one of the fastest antelopes and most enduring runners. They inhabit dry savannas, open plains, and wooded grasslands, often moving into more arid places after rainfall. In 1963, a congregation of 10,000 animals was recorded on the plains near Sekoma Pan in Botswana.
Want to see hartebeest in their natural habitat? Females generally calf between August and September. Diet - Herbivores Herbivorous grazers; the hartebeest feeds almost entirely on grass, but is not very selective and quite tolerant of poor-quality food. They are very rare in the Kruger National Park but are well worth it when you spot them while on a Kruger Park Safari. It has suffered from the expansion of cattle raising, as hartebeests and cattle compete for the same food.
Calves are weaned at four months, but young males stay with their mothers for two and a half years.
Lichtenstein’s Hartebeests are found in large open habitats with an adequate supply for them to cool off and drink and therefore they are only seen in places with high rainfall. Larger numbers gather in places with abundant grass. The home ranges are usually densely populated. Births usually peak in the dry season and take place in thickets. According to the IUCN Red List, the total population size of hartebeest is around 362,000 individuals. Hartebeest have preorbital glands (glands near the eyes) with a central duct, that secrete a dark sticky or in some subspecies colorless fluid. It only takes a baby hartebeest about a year to reach maturity. All Rights Reserved. Both males and females become reproductively mature at one to two years of age.
Youll Find These 15 Amazing Animals in South Africa, Karoo National Park a little piece of heaven. The Lichtenstein’s Hartebeests have a gestation period of 240 days where after a single offspring is born. Hartebeest were formerly widespread in Africa, but populations of this species have undergone drastic decline due to habitat destruction, hunting, human settlement, and competition with livestock for food. The Lichtenstein’s Hartebeest is a large species of antelope with humped shoulders, an elongated head and a sloping back. Both the males and females have S shaped horns that are about the same shape. The Lichtenstein’s Hartebeest is a grazer that prefers feeding on perennial grass that grows between freshly burnt areas. They are gregarious and form herds of up to 300 individuals. They are calm in nature but can be ferocious when provoked. Anyhow, if the water is available regularly they would always prefer to have it. When a territorial male returns from watering, he may find another in his place. One could also observe that these species can survive long periods without having water. Address : 68 Korhaan Street, Hazyview 1242 Phone : 063 718 5590 email@example.com, Click on our Representative to chat or send us an email at: firstname.lastname@example.org. Travelling to South Africa? The Lichtenstein’s Hartebeest is a grazer that prefers feeding on perennial grass that grows between freshly burnt areas. 2. Females will try to calf at the same time and it is considered an Anti-Predator mechanism.
The Bull’s horns are thicker at the base. Most mature males become solitary and spread out in adjoining territories.
Currently, hartebeest are classified as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List but their numbers today are decreasing. SA-Venues.com © 1999-2020. Breeding Following a gestation period of eight months, single calves are normally born before summer rains.
They are also popular game animals due to their highly regarded meat. They come out in the morning and afternoons when it is cooler. The coat is generally short and shiny and varies in color according to subspecies. These large antelopes feed almost entirely on grass and are not very selective and quite tolerant of poor-quality food. The Hartebeest is clumsy in appearance, it is hump shouldered with a sloping back, slim legs and a long, narrow face.
The fronts of the legs as well as the tips of the tails are black. They come out in the morning and afternoons when it is cooler. At times of danger, the whole herd flees in a single file after an individual suddenly starts off. It has suffered from the expansion of cattle raising, as hartebeests and cattle compete for the same food. Hartebeest are herbivores and their diet consists mostly of grasses. In areas with scarce water, they can survive on melons, roots, and tubers. While they … The territorial bull will defend its territory and females from other males and predators, especially during the calving period. A large, fawn coloured antelope that at first glance seems strangely misshapen and less elegant than other antelopes. Caring for the Young The social organization of the hartebeest is … While feeding, one individual usually stays on the lookout for danger. Food Habits of Hartebeest These species like to have only grasses in their diet. Hartebeest on The IUCN Red List site -, https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/811/50181009.
However, moving herds are not so cohesive, and tend to disperse frequently. The females form groups of 5-12 animals and fight for dominance over the herd.
Lichtenstein’s Hartebeest herds consist of about 10 members. Cows can weigh up to 180 kg and fully-grown adult bulls can weigh 200kg. Hartebeest are polygynous and during the mating season, the males may fight fiercely for dominance. The hartebeest feeds almost entirely on grass, but is not very selective and quite tolerant of poor-quality food. Herbivorous grazers; the hartebeest feeds almost entirely on grass, but is not very selective and quite tolerant of poor-quality food. They have suffered from the expansion of cattle raising, forcing them to compete for the same food. There are estimates of their subspecies' populations in specific areas: Red hartebeest in southern Africa - 130,000 animals; Swayne’s hartebeest in Ethiopia - less than 800 animals; Western hartebeest - 36,000 animals; Lelwel hartebeest - 70,000 animals; Kenya hartebeest - 3,500 animals; Lichtenstein's hartebeest - 82,000 animals; Coke’s hartebeest - 42,000 animals. Calves can move about on their own shortly after birth, however, they usually lie in the open in close proximity of their mothers. On the flanks of the Lichtenstein’s Hartebeest has a very unique darker patch that is caused by it rubbing its head against its flank. These antelopes breed throughout the year, with one or two peaks that are influenced by the availability of food. Sparring between males and females is common.
Hartebeest are mainly found in medium and tall grasslands, including savannas. And, we'll send you a R200 voucher to use on your next booking. Hartebeest can be pale sandy-brown, reddish-brown, with a dark face, reddish tan, reddish to tawny, dark reddish brown or chocolate brown with fine spots of white. Hartebeest are found in Sub-Saharan Africa.
They are tolerant of wooded areas and are often found on the edge of woodlands.
In order to communicate with each other, these animals produce quiet quacking and grunting sounds.
The hind legs, under parts of the tail and the rump are off white in colour. The hartebeest is one of the most sedentary antelopes (making it easy to hunt), but it does move around more when larger groupings form during the dry seasons or in periods of drought, to seek water and better grazing. Sitemap. The gestation period lasts 8 to 9 months, after which a single calf weighing about 9 kg (20 lb) is born. Larger numbers may gather in places with abundant grass. Females reach sexual maturity by 16 months and calves are weaned by 12 months. We have some. Hartebeest are generally sedentary and may migrate only under adverse conditions such as natural calamities. 18 years in the wild, up to 20 years in captivity. Both sexes of all subspecies have horns, with those of females being more slender. In areas with scarce water, they can survive on melons, roots, and tubers. Juveniles are usually more vocal than adults and produce a quacking call when alarmed or pursued.
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